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When it comes to personalized web and mobile experience, Responsive Web Design (RWD) wins the most prioritized position in top web design trends. Mashable Inc. declared the year 2013 as “The Year of Responsive Web Design”. Today, we will discuss how Responsive Web Design has influenced the mobile first world, and what is the future of RWD in coming years.


I am always excited what you can do with technology to make great visuals to be interactive and impress people.
Salman Aziz

Sr.Developer and Desginer, Skillz Middle East

Before responsive web designs, not-responsive websites were a misfit in the mobile first world, and separate apps were to be built for mobile devices (native apps, that mostly function without internet). Web apps, that require internet to function, emerged as a modern development, especially at business-to-customer scale. Many social media apps are web apps in nature. Today, hybrid apps, that contain features of both native and web apps, are extensively surfacing in the face of the mobile first world.

One feature that eased mobile access to customers through a website is responsive design, so let’s have a quick look at the core idea behind responsive web design.

Karolić B described Responsive Web Design in the Online Journal of Applied Knowledge Management, Volume 1 Issue 2 (2013) as, “Web for All and Web on Everything”.


Responsive Web Design in the Mobile First World
Image Credit: Pexels
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Responsive Web Design is not a specific design prototype, but an approach to practicing website designing and development in a way that the websites become responsive to a user’s environment and behavior. The parameters of assessment include platform, screen size, and orientation. Responsive Web Designs intelligently use flexible grids, images, and layouts to create unique mixes that accommodate user needs. For example, if a user switches from MacBook to iPad, a responsive website will automatically switch the resolution, scripting, and image size to accommodate the technological needs of user’s device.

With the perspective of user experience versus user interface, the key difference in websites and apps is that websites focus more on user experience while apps focus more on the user interface. Apps minimize the number of clicks for users and make everything and information available on the small mobile screen. A website could be as descriptive as needed, but an app is highly customized to focus on distinctive features only.

The following image provides a better understanding of key characteristics of UI and UX that are focused while building websites and apps.

Understanding UX versus UI
Image Source:

The Future of RWD in Mobile First World

Businesses can connect better with the customers if their digital access is maintained and updated to technological advancements in the mobile first world. The devices are getting larger with more pixels and colors. However, many businesses are still sticking to semi-responsive designs that are adaptive up to a fixed screen dimension only. The grid of semi-responsive designs is mainly centered horizontally, and it cannot accommodate smaller or larger screens beyond a certain scale. The solution is a fluid responsive design.

The content of fluid responsive designs is perfectly visible on all resolutions and devices. The size of fluid responsive websites is adjustable to any screen size.


During my five years of experience in responsive web design and development, I have found fluid responsive designs best-suited for the mobile first world. Most effective fluid responsive design can be obtained by calculating the percentages of columns and then applying media queries to add a breakpoint.


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